Do you need to know the **color coding of resistors** to calculate its value? Here we show you what it is, how to calculate the value of a resistor and an online calculator through which you can select the color of each band and calculate its value without making calculations.

We leave you with the **resistance calculator** The four-band display, in which you simply select the color of each band and it will automatically show you its value and tolerance.

Article sections

## The color code of the resistors

For **calculate the value of a resistor** The first thing we have to do is to identify the number of bands it has. There can be 4, 5 or 6 bands, so depending on the type of resistance, each band will mean one thing, so here is a summary for you to understand the function of each one:

4-band resistor | 5-band resistor | 6-band resistor | |
---|---|---|---|

1st band | 1st significant digit | 1st significant digit | 1st significant digit |

2nd band | 2nd significant digit | 2nd significant digit | 2nd significant digit |

3rd band | multiplier | 3rd significant digit | 3rd significant digit |

4th band | tolerance | multiplier | multiplier |

5th band | - | tolerance | tolerance |

6th band | - | - | temperature coefficient |

Now that you know what each band is used for, let's take a look at the **color coding of the resistors.**

Color | 1st Band | 2nd Band | 3rd Band | Multiplier | Tolerance | Coef. temp. |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Black | 0 | 0 | 0 | 1Ω | – | – |

Brown | 1 | 1 | 1 | 10Ω | ±1% | 100 ppm/ºC |

Red | 2 | 2 | 2 | 100Ω | ±2% | 50 ppm/ºC |

Orange | 3 | 3 | 3 | 1000Ω | – | 15 ppm/ºC |

Yellow | 4 | 4 | 4 | 10000Ω | – | 25 ppm/ºC |

Green | 5 | 5 | 5 | 10000Ω | ±0.5% | – |

Blue | 6 | 6 | 6 | 1000000Ω | ±0.25% | 10 ppm/ºC |

Violet | 7 | 7 | 7 | 10000000Ω | ±0.10% | 5 ppm/ºC |

Gray | 8 | 8 | 8 | 100000000Ω | ±0.05% | – |

White | 9 | 9 | 9 | 1000000000Ω | – | – |

Gold | – | – | – | 0,1Ω | ±5% | – |

Silver | – | – | – | 0,01Ω | ±10% | – |

If you want to know a little more about what each of the bands means, let's take a look at each of them in a little more detail below:

**Significant digits**

Each color represents a number if it is in the first and second band in the case of 4-band resistors. If the resistor is a 5- or 6-band resistor, the first three bands are significant digits.

**Multiplier**

The multiplier can be found in:

- The third band if it is a 4-band resistor.
- On the fourth band if we have a 5 or 6 band resistor

If you look, **the number of zeros of each color is equal to the number we have seen in the columns of significant digits**. That is, if the white color corresponds to 9 as a significant number, it will multiply by x1000000000 (there are 9 zeros) in its work as a multiplier. This happens in the same way with the rest of the colors.

**Tolerance**

Tolerance in a resistance **gives us a margin of error that can be above or below the total value.** of resistance.

The tolerance value is in the fourth or fifth band and its value is also determined according to the color code of the resistor.

For example, if we have a 5KΩ resistor with a tolerance of ±5%, that means that its actual value can range from 4,750 Ω to 5,250 Ω.

Logically, the smaller the tolerance, the more likely it is that the resistance value will be what it should theoretically be.

## How to calculate the value of a resistor

For **calculating the ohms value of a resistor** we simply need to do the following steps:

- Identify significant numbers and group them in order.
- Multiply the significant numbers by the value of the multiplier
- Add to the result other parameters such as tolerance or temperature coefficient.

**The procedure is similar for any resistance**either 4, 5 or 6 bands.

For example, if we have a four band resistor with the colors green, blue, red and gold, let's calculate its value in ohms:

1st Band | 2nd Band | 3rd Band | 4th Band | |
---|---|---|---|---|

Color | Green | Blue | Red | Gold |

Value | 5 | 6 | x100 | ±5% |

Therefore:

56 x 100 = 5600Ω with ±5% = 5.6 KΩ ±5%

Here is a collection of solved exercises for you to practice with different values.

### 4-band resistance exercises

Calculate the value of the following four-band resistors based on the colors below:

- Green, blue, red, gold: 5.6 KΩ and ±5%
- Red, yellow, orange, gold: 24 KΩ and ±5%
- Blue, gray, yellow, silver: 680 KΩ and ±10%

### 5-band resistance exercises

Obtain how much the following five-band resistors are worth in ohms:

- Red, yellow, orange, black, brown: 243 ohms and ± 1%

### Examples of 6-band resistors

Find the value of the following six-band resistors, including their tolerance and temperature coefficient:

- Red, red, brown, brown, brown, brown. red: 2.21 KΩ, ±1% and 50ppm/ºC.
- White, black, white, white, brown, red, red: 9.09 KΩ, ±2% and 50ppm/°C

## Frequently Asked Questions

Here we will answer some of the most common questions that arise when it comes to the following questions** calculate the value **or work with the **color coding of resistors**:

### Resistance has only 3 bands

If you come across a resistor that has 3 bands, you can calculate its value as if it were a 4-band resistor (digit, digit and multiplier).

For tolerance we will put a 20%.

### Which band is first in a resistance?

There are a number of rules for knowing which is the first band in a resistance:

- Some resistors have
**groupings of several bands close together**and then one or two more separate ones. Put the band grouping to your left and calculate the resistance value from left to right. - Resistors that have a tolerance of a 5% (gold) or a 10% (silver), it is very easy since in these cases we already know that
**that band will be the last**. Therefore, put the gold or silver band on the right and calculate the resistance value from left to right. - As mentioned in the previous point, the first band can never be silver or gold. Nor is it usual to find a black first band. For

### What happens if I calculate the resistance value backwards?

If you have not been able to see which is the first band of the resistor and you have calculated the value of the resistor, **e**he result you will probably have obtained **does not appear in the table of usual resistor values**.

Yes** the resistance you have calculated does not have a standard value**If you have done it wrong, it is likely that you have done it wrong.

You can also use a multimeter to obtain the value of a resistor to check if the calculation you have made is correct or not.

## Resistance calculator

Our **resistance calculator** allows you to calculate the value in ohms of four band resistors, i.e., the most common in school or even university work.

You must simply **choose the color of each band** from left to right and you will automatically get the value in ohms of the resistance, including the tolerance.

Doubts about how to calculate the value of a resistor from the **color coding**? Leave us a comment and we will help you!

What is the tolerance value of a 5 band resistor if the color is black? thanks for your answer.

Hello nasf,

A 5-band resistor cannot have a black color in the tolerance band.

If it's black, you're probably reading it backwards.

Greetings!

What resistance would this be. Brown, green, gold, gold, brown, black as it is and I'm not reading it backwards as it comes in.

Hello Rafael,

Well, I'm afraid you're having to read it backwards since the last band cannot be black because it corresponds to the tolerance in the case of five band resistors.

Greetings!

hello, what value is given to a 5-band resistor if the fifth band has no color, thanks

If the fifth band has no color (white is considered color), then it is a four-band resistor.

If it really is a five-band resistor and has lost its color, the only way to calculate its resistance is to use a multimeter.

Greetings!

I have a resistor from a power card and it has 5 bands, brown, red, gray, gold and black.

And I measure it xon the tester and it gives me .7 ohms be correct el.valor o debe ser segun su calxuladora de 1.8k

Our calculator is only valid for 4-band resistors, so you must rely on the value of your tester.

Greetings!

Good day, what value is this resistor, brown silver orange yellow black

Hi Jorge,

The article explains how to calculate the value of this 5-band resistor.

Greetings!

Hello, is there a calculator that will tell me the resistor colors if I already have the value?

Hi Victor, you will surely find some on the internet. We don't have something like that yet but we will add it in the future.

Greetings!

what band colors would these 3.54KΩ have?

1,250MΩ

Good morning

I have an open resistor and the tester does not mark anything.

I just don't know what the value might be since I have two golds in the middle.

BLACK-GOLDEN-GOLDEN-GOLDEN-BLACK-RED

Could you help me with the value, thank you.

Hello Raul,

A 5-band resistor cannot have the first of its bands colored black.

Greetings!

hello I have a resistor that I don't know which color goes first.

Hi Jorge, in the frequent questions we answer this question so that you know which resistance band goes first.

Greetings!

Hello good afternoon, I have a question I ask 2 Ohm 2%, you can have 2 answers or more ? is it okay to say that it is black, red, black, red and also red black gold red. Are the two answers OK? I have this doubt, Thank you very much.

Hello Jian,

Resistors do not usually have the first band in black because its value is null, i.e., we would be talking about the first significant digit being null and, therefore, it could be considered as a 3-band resistor. If you are not limited in the number of bands of the resistor, the answers you have given are correct.

Greetings!

I have a 5 band resistor that is orange, brown, gold, gold, gold, black, no matter which side you read it from, you can't read it because it would have black at the beginning or at the end and two gold colors in the middle, so I don't know what value it is, could you help me? the tester doesn't mark it because it is open.

Hi Jorge,

We do not agree with the colors you give with what you say below that it does not matter from which side it is read because it is symmetrical. With the colors you have sent us, it is clear that the resistance is not symmetrical.

If you repeat them correctly, we will help you.

what happens if i put a 100k 2 watts resistor for a 100k 1watts resistor?

I would like to know the value of a resistor with the following colors: blue gray silver gold and lastly it has red

Hola, y en el caso de que sea: Azul-Rojo-Marrón-Dorado-Blanco. Tengo esa resistencia que no me mide nada pero no sé cuál sería su valor real ya que el «Blanco» no tiene tolerancia y si la leo de derecha a izquierda, pues el dorado no tiene ningún dígito. Espero que me pueda ayudar. Gracias.

Hola Antony,

La verdad que no sabemos decirte el valor de la resistencia de 5 bandas que nos has comentado precisamente por los motivos que has dado. Haría falta un multímetro para calcularlo en este caso.

Greetings!

Tengo una resistencia de 5 bandas que es de color gris negro dorado dorado y negro pero tengo una duda porque nose si sea gris o fue q perdio en color con la calentura ellas pueden perder el color gracias

Hola Harry, en principio las resistencias no pierden su color salvo que la hayas quemado de tal manera que entera esté negra pero el resto de bandas se verían afectadas también de la misma manera.